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Graduate Resources

Special Field Exam: Sample Reading List

Special Field: Gender and Writing - Liz Rohan

Writing and Issues of Gender

Bartlett, Elizabeth Ann. Liberty, Equality, Sorority: The Origins and Interpretations of American Feminist Thought: Frances Wright, Sarah Grimke, and Margaret Fuller. Brooklyn: Carlson Publishing,1994.

Behar, Ruth. Translated Woman: Crossing the Border with EsperanzaÕs Story. New York: Beacon Press, 1994.

Blodgett, Harriet. Centuries of Female Days: English WomenÕs Private Diaries. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1989.

Brody, Miriam. Manly Writing: Gender, Rhetoric and the Rise of Composition. Carbondale: Southern University Press, 1994.

Brodkey, Linda. Writing Permitted in Designated Areas Only. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 1996.

---. "Writing on the Bias." College English 56 (1994): 527-47.

Bunkers, Suzanne. "Faithful Friend: Ninteenth Century Midwestern Women's Unpublished Diaries." Women's Studies International Forum 10.1 (1987): 7-17.

--- and Cynthia A. Huff, eds. Inscribing the Daily: Critical Essays on Women's Diaries.Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1996.

Campbell, Karlyn Kohrs. Women Public Speakers in the United States, 1800-1925. Westport: Greenwood, 1993.

Connors, Robert. "Frances Wright: First Female Civic Rhetor in America." College English 62 (1999): 30-57.

Douglas, Ann. The Feminization of American Culture. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1977.

Eldred, Janet Carey and Peter Mortensen. "Gender and Writing Instruction in Early America: Lessons from Didactic Fiction." Rhetoric Review 12 Fall (1993): 25-53.

--- "Monitoring Columbia's Daughters: Writing as Gendered Conduct." Rhetoric Society Quarterly 23.3-4 (1993): 46-69.

--- "'Persuasion Dwelt on Her Tongue': Female Civic Rhetoric in Early America. College English 60 (1998): 173-188.

Enos, Theresa. Gender Roles and Faculty Lives. Carbondale: Southern Illinois Press, 1996.

Franklin, Penelope, ed. Private Pages: Diaries of American Women 1830s to 1970s. New York: Ballantine, 1986.

Gannett, Cynthia. Gender and the Journal: Diaries and Academic Discourse. Albany: SUNY Press, 1992.

Gilmore, Leigh. Autobiographies: A Feminist Theory of Women's Self-Representation. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1994.

Glenn, Cheryl. Rhetoric Retold: Regendering the Tradition from Antiquity through the Renaissance. Carbondale: Southern University Press, 1997.

Hampsten, Elizabeth. Read This Only to Yourself: The Private Writings of Midwestern Women, 1880-1910. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1982.

Hannay, Margaret Patterson, ed. Silent But For the Word: Tudor Women as Patrons, Translators and Writers of Religious Works. Kent: Kent State University Press, 1985.

Hedges, Elaine. "The Nineteenth-Century Diarist and Her Quilts." Feminist Studies 8 (1982): 293-299.

Heilbrun, Carolyn G. Writing a Woman's Life. New York: Norton Press, 1988.

Hobbs, Catherine, ed. Nineteenth-Century Women Learn to Write. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia,1995.

Hobbs, June Hadden. ÔI Sing for I Cannot Be Silent.Õ The Feminization of American Hymnody, 1870-1920. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1997.

Huff, Cynthia. "From Faceless Chronicler to Self-Creator: the Diary of Louisa Galton, 1830-1896." Biography 10:2 (1987): 95-106.

Jarratt, Susan. "Feminism and Composition: The Case for Conflict." Eds. Patricia Harkinand John Schlib. Contending With Words: Composition and Rhetoric in a Postmodern Age. New York: Modern Language Association, 1991.

---. Rereading the Sophists. Carbondale: Southern University Press, 1991.

--- and Lynn Worsham, ed. Feminism and Composition Studies: In Other Words. New York: Modern Language Association, 1998.

Kelley, Mary. Private Woman, Public Stage: Literary Domesticity in Nineteenth Century America. New York: Oxford Press, 1983.

Kerber, Linda. Women of the Republic: Intellect and Ideology in Revolutionary America. Chapel Hill: North Carolina Press, 1989.

Logan, Shirley Wilson. "We Are Coming": The Persuasive Discourse of Nineteenth- Century Black Women. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1999.

Main, Gloria. "An Inquiry into When and Why Women Learned to Write in Colonial New England." Journal of Social History 24 (1991): 579-589.

Mattingly, Carol. Well-Tempered Women: Nineteenth Century Temperance Rhetoric. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1998.

Miller, Susan. Assuming the Positions: Cultural Pedagogy and the Politics of Commonplace Writing. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1997.

---. Textual Carnivals: The Politics of Composition. Carbondale: Southern Illinois Press,1996.

Motz, Marilyn Ferris. "Folk Expressions of Time and Place: 19th Century Midwestern Rural Diaries." Journal of American Folklore 100 (1987): 131-47.

Ratcliffe, Krista. Anglo-American Challenges to the Rhetorical Tradition(s): Virginia Wolfe, Mary Daly, and Adrienne Rich. Carbondale: Southern Illinois Press, 1996.

Richards, Mary Haskin Parker. Winter Quarters: The 1846-1848 Life Writing of Mary Haskin Parker Richards. Ed. Maurine Carr Ward. Logan: Utah State University Press, 1996.

Schell, Eileen. Gypsy Academics and Mother-Teachers: Gender, Contingent Labor, and Writing Instruction. Portsmouth: Boynton/Cook Publishers, 1998.

Showalter, Elaine. "Common Threads, Sister's Choice: Tradition and Change in American Women's Writing. New York: Clarendon Press, 1991. 145-95.

Theorizing Literacy: Reading and Writing Practices Inside and Outside of the Academy

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso, 1983.

Barton, David, ed. Situated Literacies: Reading and Writing in Context. London: Routledge, 2000.

Bolter, Jay David. Writing Space: The Computer, Hypertext, and the History of Writing. Hillsdale NJ: Erlbaum, 1991.

Brandt, Deborah Accumulating Literacy: Writing and Learning to Write in the Twentieth Century. College English 57 (1995): 649-669.

---. Literacy as Involvement: The Acts of Writers, Readers and Texts. Carbondale: Southern University Press, 1990.

---. "Literacy, Learning and Economic Change." Harvard Educational Review 69 (1999): 373-393.

---. Sponsors of Literacy. College Composition and Communication 49 (1998): 165-185. Brereton, John C., The Origins of Composition Studies in the American College 1875-1925: A Documentary. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1995.

Chartier, Roger. Forms and Meaning: Texts, Performances and Audiences from Codex to Computer. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995.

---. The Culture of Print: Power and the Uses of Print in Early Modern Europe. Cambridge: Polity, 1989.

Cheseri-Strater, Elizabeth. The Public and Private Discourse of University Students. Portsmouth: Boynton-Cook, 1991.

Clanchy, Michael T. From Memory to Written Record: England 1066-1307. First Edition. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1979.

Clark, Gregory, and S. Michael Halloran, eds. Oratorical Culture in Nineteenth-Century America: Transformations in the Theory and Practice of Rhetoric. Carbondale: Southern Illinois Press, 1993.

Connors, Robert. Composition-Rhetoric: Backgrounds, Theory, and Pedagogy. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1997.

Crowley, Sharon. Composition in the University: Historical and Polemical Essays. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1998.

Daniell, Beth. "Narratives of Literacy: Connecting Composition to Culture." College Composition and Communication 50(1999): 393-410.

Freedman, Aviva and Peter Medway, eds. Genre and the New Rhetoric. London: Taylor and Francis, 1994.

Gere, Anne Ruggles. Intimate Practices: Literacy and Cultural Work in U.S. Women's Clubs, 1880-1920. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1997.

Graff, Harvey. The Literacy Myth: Literacy and Social Structure in the Nineteenth Century City. New York: Academic Press, 1979.

Halloran, S. Michael. "From Rhetoric to Composition: The Teaching of Writing in America to 1900." A Short History of Writing Instruction. Ed. James J. Murphy. California: Hermagonas, 1990. 151-82.

Lockridge, Kenneth A. Literacy in Colonial New England. New York: Norton, 1974.

Kaestle, Carl F. Literacy in the United States: Readers and Reading Since 1880. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1991.

Kaufer, David S. and Kathleen M. Carley. Communication at a Distance: The Influence of Print on Sociocultural Organization and Change. Hillsdale: Erlbaum Press,1991.

Kett, Joseph F. The Pursuit of Knowledge Under Difficulties: From Self-Improvement to Adult Education in America, 1750-1990. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994.

Kress, Gunther. Before Writing: Rethinking the Paths ot Literacy. London: Routledge,1997.

--- and Theo Van Leevwen. Reading Images: The Grammar of Visual Design. London: Routledge, 1996.

Miller, Thomas. The Formation of College English Studies: Rhetoric and Belles Lettres in British Cultural Provinces. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1997.

Ong, Walter J.Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the Word. New York: Methauan, 1982.

Paine, Charles. The Resistant Writer: Rhetoric as Immunity 1850 to the Present. Albany: StateUniversity of New York Press,1999.

Schulz, Lucille. The Young Composers: CompositionÕs Beginning in Nineteenth-Century Schools. Carbondale: Southern University Press, 1998.

Scott, James C. Domination and the Art of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.

Soltow, Lee and Edward Stevens. The Rise of Literacy and the Common School in the U.S.A.: Socioeconomic Analysis to 1870. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981.

Stevens, Jr. Edward. Literacy, Law, and Social Order. Dekalb: Northern University Press, 1987.

Street, Street. Social Literacies: Critical Approaches to Literacy in Development, Ethnography and Education. London/New York: Longman Press, 1995.

Street, Brian. Cross Cultural Approaches to Literacy. Boston: Cambridge University Stock, Brian. The Implications of Literacy: Written Language and Models of Interpretation in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983. R/N

Thompson, E.P. Making of the English Working Class. New York: Random House, 1966.

Vipond, Dianne L., ed. Literacy: Language and Power. Long Beach: UP California State, 1994.

Yates, Joanne. Control Through Communication. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989.

Warner, Michael. The Letters of the Republic: Publication and the Public Sphere in Eighteenth Century America. Canterbury, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1990.

Methodology: Feminist Theory, Criticism and Historiography

Alpern, Sara et al., eds. The Challenge of Feminist Biography: Writing the Lives of Modern American Women. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1992.

Anzaldua, Gloria. Borderlands, La Frontera: The New Mestiza. San Francisco: Ann Lute Books, 1994.

Aptheker, Bettina. Tapestries of Life: WomenÕs Work, WomenÕs Consciousness and the Meaning of Daily Experience. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1989.

Ardener, Shirley, ed. Women and Space: Ground Rules and Social Maps. London: Croom Helm, 1981.

Behar, Ruth and Deborah Gordon, eds. Women Writing Culture. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.

Benhabib, Seyla. Situating the Self: Gender, Community, and Postmodernism in Contemporary Ethics. New York: Routledge, 1992.

Bhabba, Homi K. Nation and Narration. New York: Routledge, 1990.

---. The Location of Culture. New York: Routledge, 1994.

Bizzell, Patricia. "Opportunities for Feminist Research in the History of Rhetoric." Rhetoric Review 11 (1992): 50-58.

Bourdieu, Pierre. Language and Symbolic Power. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1991.

Brundage, Anthony. Going to the Sources: A Guide to Historical Research and Writing. 2nd Edition. Wheeling: Harlan Davidson, 1997.

Bruner, Jerome. "Narrative Constructions of Reality." Critical Inquiry 18 (1991): 1-21.

Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge, 1990.

Cott, Nancy. The Grounding of Modern Feminism. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987.

Diamond, Irene and Lee Quinby. Feminism and Foucault: Reflections on Resistance. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1998.

Echols, Alice. Daring to Be Bad: Radical Feminism in America, 1967-75. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1990.

Foucault, Michel. The History of Sexuality: An Introduction. New York: Vintage Books, 1990. Foucault, Michel. The Use of Pleasure: The History of Sexuality. New York: Vintage Books, 1990.

Fraser, Nancy. Justice Interruptus: Critical Reflections on the "Postsocialist Condition." New York and London: Routledge, 1997.

---. Unruly Practices: Power, Discourse and Gender in Contemporary Social Theory. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1989.

---. "Rethinking the Public Sphere: A Contribution to the Critique of Actually ExistingDemocracy." Social Text 8/9 (1990): 58-80.

Geertz, Clifford. Works and Lives: An Anthropologist as Author. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 1990.

Ginsburg, Carlo. Clues, Myths and the Historical Method. Translated by John and Ann C. Tedeschi. London: Hutchinson, 1990.

Halliday, M.A. K. Spoken and Written English. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1989.

Haraway, Donna J. Simians, Cyborgs, and Women: The Re-Invention of Nature. New York: Routledge, 1991.

Harding, Sandra. Whose Science? Whose Knowledge? Thinking From Women's Lives. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991.

Iggers, Georg C. Historiography in the Twentieth Century: From Scientific Objectivity to the Postmodern Challenge. Hanover: Wesleyan University Press, 1997.

Jaggar, Alison M. Feminist Ethics, Encyclopedia of Ethics.Volume 1. Ed. Lawrence C. Becker and Charlotte B. Becker. New York: Garland, 1992. 361-370.

LeCourt, Donna and Luann Barnes. "Writing Multiplicity: Hypertext and Feminist Textual Politics." Computers and Composition 16 (1999): 26-55.

Lerner, Gerda. The Creation of Patriarchy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Martin, J.R. "Methodological Essentialism, False Difference, and Other Dangerous Traps." Signs 19 (1994): 630-657.

McClintock, Anne. Imperial Letter: Race, Gender, Sexuality in the Colonial Conquest. New York: Routledge, 1995.

Molho, Anthony and Gordon S. Wood, eds. Imagined Histories: American Historians Interpret the Past. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998.

Olson, Gary and Lynn Worsham. Race, Rhetoric and the Postcolonial. Albany: NY: State University of New York Press, 1999.

Pratt, Mary Louis. "Fieldwork in Common Places." Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography. Eds. James Clifford and George E. Marcus. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.

---. Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation. New York: Routledge Press, 1992.

Rafael, Vincente. Contracting Colonialism: Translation and Conversation in Tagalog Society Under Early Spanish Rule. Durham: Duke University Press, 1988.

Rosemary Hennessy and Chrys Ingraham, eds. Class, Difference and Women's Lives. New York: Routledge, 1997.

Said, Edward. Orientalism. New York: Random House, 1985.

Scott, Joan. "The Evidence of Experience.Ó Feminist Approaches to Theory and Methodology: An Interdisciplinary Reader. Eds. Sharlene Hesse-Biber, et al. New York: Oxford UP, 1999.

---. "Women's History." New Perspectives on Historical Writing. Ed. Peter Burke. University Park: Pensylvania State University Press, 1992. 42-66.

Smith, Dorothy. The Everyday World as Problematic: A Feminist Sociology. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1987.

Smith-Rosenberg, Carol. "Writing History: Language, Class and Gender." Feminist Studies/Critical Studies. Ed. Teresa de Lauretis Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1986.

Smith, S. and J. Watson, eds. De/colonizing the Subject: the Politics of Gender in Women's Autobiography. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1992.

Sullivan, Patricia. ÒFeminism and Methodology in Composition Studies.Ó Eds. Gesa Kirsh and Patricia A. Sullivan. Methods and Methodology in Composition Research. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois UP, 1992. 37-61.

Visweswaran, Kamala. Fictions of Feminist Ethnography. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1994.

Veeser, H. Aram, ed. The New Historicism. New York: Routledge Press, 1989.

Viswanatan, Gauri. Outside the Fold: Conversion, Modernity and Belief. Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1998.

Weber, Eugen Joseph. Peasants into Frenchmen: the Modernization of Rural France 1870-1914. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1976.

White, Hayden. Tropics of Discourse: Essays on Cultural Criticism. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1978.

Women's Work/Women's Religious History

Aron, Cindy Sondik , Ladies and Gentleman of the Civil Service: Middle Class Workers in Victorian America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Davies, Margery. Women's Place Is at the Typewriter: Office Work and Office Workers, 1870-1930. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1982.

Gordon, Beverly. "Victorian Fancywork in the American Home." Making the American Home: Middle Class Women and Domestic Material Culture 1840-1940. Ed. Marilyn Motz. Bowling Green: Bowling Green State University, 1988.

Gordon, Linda. America's Working Women. New York: Vintage Books, 1976.

Harding, Susan "Representing Fundamentalism: the Problem of the Repugnant Cultural Other." Social Research 58 (1991): 373-93.

Hassey, Janette. No Time for Silence: Evangelical Women Around the Turn of the Century. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1986.

Hall, Catherine, ed. Cultures of Empire: A Reader: Colonisers in Britain and the Empire in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Century. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000.

--. Family Fortunes: Men and Women of the English Middle Class, 1780-1850. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.

Hill, Patricia. The World Their Household: The American Woman's Foreign Mission Movement and Cultural Transformation, 1870-1920. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1985.

Horowitz, Helen. Alma Mater: Design and Experience in Women's Colleges from their Nineteenth Century Beginnings to the 1930s. Boston: University of Mass Press, 1984.

Hunter, James Davis. American Evangelism: Conservative Religion and the Quandary of Modernity. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1983.

Hunter, Jane. The Gospel of Gentility: American Mission Missionaries in Turn-of-the-Century China. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989.

Garrison, Dee. Apostles of Culture: The Public Librarian and American Society, 1876-1920. New York: The Free Press, 1979.

Jensen, Joan M. and Sue Davidson, eds. A Needle, A Bobbin, A Strike: Women Needleworkers in America. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1984.

Laquer, Thomas. Religion and Respectablity: Sunday Schools and Working Class Culture, 1780- 1850. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1976.

Kerber, Linda. "Separate Spheres, Female Worlds, Woman's Place: The Rhetoric of Women's History." Journal of American History 75 (1988): 9-39.

Martin, Theodora Penny. The Sound of Our Own Voices: Women and Study Clubs, 1860-1910. Boston: Beacon Press, 1987.

Matthaei, Julie A. An Economic History of Women in America: WomenÕs Work, The Sexual Division of Labor, and the Development of Capitalism. New York: Schocken Books, 1982.

Meyerowitz, Joanne. Women Adrift: Independent Wage Earners in Chicago, 1880-1930. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988.

---, ed. Not June Cleaver: Women and Gender in Postwar America, 1945-1960. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1994.

Motz, Marilyn Ferris, ed. Making the American Home: Middle Class Women and Domestic Material Culture. Bowling Green State University Press, 1988.

Muncy, Robyn. Creating a Female Dominion in American Reform 1890-1930. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991. R/N

Ruether, Rosemary Radford and Rosemary Skinner Keller. Women and Religion in America 1900-1968. Vol 3. San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1986.

Robert, Dana L. American Women in Mission: A Social History of Their Thought and Practice. Macon, Ga: Mercer University Press, 1996.

Strom, Sharon Hartman. Beyond the Typewriter: Gender, Class and the Origins of Modern American Office Work, 1900-1930. Urbana and Chicago, 1992.

Watt, Tessa. Cheap Print and Popular Piety, 1550-1640. Boston: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Weber, Max. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. New York: Routledge, 1993.

Wright, Barbara, ed. Women, Technology and Work. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1987.

"Women and Twentieth Century Religious Politics: Beyond Fundamentalism" (Special Issue) The Journal of Women's History 10.4 (1999).

Technology, Gender and Literacy

Anderson, Robert et al., eds. Universal Access to Email: Feasibility and Societal Implications.Santa Monica: Rand Publishing, 1995.

Aschauer, Ann Brady. "Tinkering with Technological Skill: An Examination of the Gendered Use of Technology." Computers and Composition 16.1 (1999): 7-24.

Balsamo, Anne. Technologies of the Gendered Bodies: Reading Cyborg Women. Durham: Duke UP, 1996.

--- "Feminism for the Incurably Informed." Flame Wars: the Discourse of Cyberspace. Ed. Mark Dery, Durham: Duke UP, 1994.

Baron, Naomi S. Alphabet to Email. London/New York: Routledge, 2000.

Blair, Kristine and Pamela Takayoshi, eds. Feminist Cyberscapes: Mapping Gendered Academic Spaces. Stamford: Ablex Publishing Group, 1999.

Bolter, Jay David. The Writing Space: The Computer, Hypertext and the History of Writing. Hillsdale: L. Erlbaum Associates, 1991.

De Lauretis, Teresa. Technologies of Gender: Essays on Theory, Film and Fiction. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 1992.

Eldred, Janet Carey and Ron Fortune. "Exploring the Implications of Metaphors for Computer Networks and Hypermedia." Re-Imagining Computers and Composition: Teaching and Research in the Virtual Age. Eds. Gail E. Hawisher and Paul LeBlanc. Portsmouth: Boynton/Cook, 1992. 58-73.

Gearhart, Sally M. "An End to Technology: A Modest Proposal." Machina Ex Dea: Feminist Perspectives on Technology. New York: Pergamon Press, 1983. 171-183.

Gibson, Stephanie B. and Ollio O. Oviedo, eds. The Emerging Cyberculture: Literacy, Paradigm, and Paradox. Cresskill: Hampton Press, 2000.

Gilbert, Laurel and Crystal Kile. Surfer Grrls: Look Ethel! An Internet Guide for Us!" Seattle: Seal Press, 1996.

Haas, Christina. Writing Technology: Studies in the Materiality of Literacy. Mahwah: NJ: Erlbau, 1996.

Hacker, Sally et al., eds. Doing It the Hard Way: Investigations of Gender and Technology.London: Unwin Hyman, 1990.

Hawisher, Gail, Paul Leblanc, Charles Moran and Cynthia Selfe.Computers and the Teaching of Writing in American Higher Education, 1979-1994: A History. Stamford: Ablex Publishing Company, 1996.

Hawisher, Gail and Cynthia Selfe, eds. Literacy, Technology and Society: Confronting the Issues.Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1996.

---. Global Literacies and the World-Wide Web. London/New York: Routledge, 2000.

---. Passions Pedagogies and 21st Century Technologies. Logan: Utah University Press, 1999.

Henwood, Felicity. "Establishing Gender Perspectives on Information Technology: Problems, Issues and Opportunities." Gendered by Design? Information Technology and Office Systems. London: Tayle and Francesi, 1993.

Kramarae, Cheris. Technology and WomenÕs Voices: Keeping in Touch. New York and London: Routledge Press, 1988.

Lay, Mary. "Feminist Theory and the Redefinition of Technical Communication." Journal of Business and Technical Communication 5 (1991): 348-370.

Moore, Dinty W. The Emporer's Virtual Clothes: the Naked Truth About Internet Culture. ChapelHill: Algonquin Books, 1995.

Rothschild, John, ed. Machina Ex Dea: Feminist Persepectives on Technology. New York: Pergamon, 1983.

Snyder, Ilana. Hypertext: The Electronic Labyrinth. New York: New York University Press, 1996.

---, ed. Page to Screen: Taking Literacy into the Electronic Era. Melbourne: Allen and Unwin, 1997.

Stanley, Autumn. Mothers of Invention. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1993.

Sullivan, Laura. "Wired Women Writing: Toward a Feminist Theorization of Hypertext." Computers and Composition. 16 (1999): 25-54.

Stabile, Carol A. Feminism and the Technological Fix. Manchester, NY: Manchester University Press, 1994.

Taylor, Todd W. and Irene Ward. Literacy Theory in the Age of the Internet. Columbia University Press, 1998.

Tuman, Myron C. Wordperfect: Literacy in the Computer Age. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1992.

Wajcman, Judy. Feminism Confronts Technology. University Park: Penn State University Press, 1991.

Winner, Langdon. "Do Artifacts Have Politics?" The Social Shaping of Technology: How the Refrigerator Got Its Hum. Eds. Donald MacKenzie and Judy Wacjman. Milton, Keynes: Open University Press, 2000.

Wysocki, Ann. "Monitoring Order: Visual Desire, the Organization of Web Pages, and Teaching the Rules of Design." Kairos 3:2. www.as.ttu.edu/kairos/3.2/index_f.html.

Zuboff, Shoshana. In the Age of the Smart Machine: The Future of Work and Power. New York: Basic Books, 1998.