The Center for Writing Studies

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

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Graduate Resources

Special Field Exam: Sample Reading List

Literacy Studies - Amy Wan

Historiography and History of the Field

Bartholomae, David. "Inventing the University." When a Writer Can't Write: Studies in Writer's Block and Other Composing-Process Problems. Ed. Mike Rose. New York: Guilford, 1985. 134-65.

Berlin, James A. Rhetoric and Reality: Writing Instruction in American Colleges, 1900-1985. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1987.

---. Rhetorics, Poetics, and Cultures: Refiguring College English Studies. Urbana: National Council of Teachers of English, 1996.

Bloom, Lynn Z. "Freshman Composition as a Middle-Class Enterprise." College Composition and Communication 58.6 (1996): 654-75.

Brandt, Deborah. Literacy in American Lives . Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Brereton, John C., ed. The Origins of Composition Studies in the American College, 1875-1925. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1995.

Chaput, Catherine. "Democracy, Capitalism, and the Ambivalence of Willa Cather's Frontier Rhetorics: Uncertain Foundations of the U.S. Public University System." College English 66.3 (2004): 310-34.

Conference on College Composition and Communication. "Students' Right to Their Own Language." College Composition and Communication 25 (1974).

Connors, Robert J. Composition-Rhetoric: Backgrounds, Theory, and Pedagogy. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1997.

Crowley, Sharon. Composition in the University: Historical and Polemical Essays. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1998.

Daniell, Beth. "Narratives of Literacy: Connecting Composition to Culture." College Composition and Communication 50 (1999): 393-410.

Faigley, Lester. Fragments of Rationality: Postmodernity and the Subject of Composition. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1992.

Fox, Tom. Defending Access: A Critique of Standards in Higher Education. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1999.

George, Diana, and John Trimbur. "The 'Communication Battle,' or Whatever Happened to the 4th C?" College Composition and Communication 50.4 (1999): 682-98.

Gere, Anne Ruggles. Intimate Practices : Literacy and Cultural Work in U.S. Women's Clubs, 1880-1920. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1997.

---. Into the Field: Sites of Composition Studies. New York: Modern Language Association, 1993.

Graff, Harvey J. The Legacies of Literacy : Continuities and Contradictions in Western Culture and Society. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987.

---. The Literacy Myth: Literacy and Social Structure in the Nineteenth Century City. New York: Academic Press, 1979.

Harkin, Patricia, and John Schilb, eds. Contending with Words. New York: Modern Language Association, 1991.

Harrington, Susanmarie, et al. "WPA Outcomes Statement for First-Year Composition." WPA: Writing Program Administration 23.1/2 (1999): 59-63.

Harris, Joseph. A Teaching Subject: Composition since 1966. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1997.

Heyda, John. "Fighting over Freshman English: CCCC's Early Years and the Turf Wars of the 1950s." College Composition and Communication 50.4 (1999): 663-81.

Horner, Bruce. Terms of Work for Composition: A Materialist Critique. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2000.

Jarratt, Susan C. Rereading the Sophists: Classical Rhetoric Refigured. Carbondale: Southern Illininois University Press, 1991.

Lloyd-Jones, Richard. "Who We Were, Who We Should Become." College Composition and Communication 43.4 (1992): 486-96.

McDonald, Christina Russell, and Robert L. McDonald. Teaching Writing: Landmarks and Horizons. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2002.

Miller, Susan. Textual Carnivals: The Politics of Composition. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1991.

National Council of Teachers of English, Committee of National Interest. The National Interest and the Teaching of English. Champaign, IL: NCTE, 1961.

North, Stephen M. The Making of Knowledge in Composition: Portrait of an Emerging Field. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1987.

---. "Personal Writing, Professional Methods, and the Voice of 'Common Sense'." Pre/text 11 (1990): 105-20.

Ohmann, Richard. English in America: A Radical View of the Profession. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976.

Paine, Charles. "Relativism, Radical Pedagogy, and the Ideology of Paralysis." College English 51 (1989): 557-70.

---. The Resistant Writer: Rhetoric as Immunity, 1850 to the Present. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1999.

Parks, Stephen. Class Politics: The Movement for Students' Right to Their Own Language. Urbana, IL: NCTE, 2000.

Perl, Sondra. "The Composing Processes of Unskilled College Writers." Research in the Teaching of English 13 (1979): 317-36.

Phillips, Donna Burns, Ruth Greenberg, and Sharon Gibson. "College Composition and Communication: Chronicling a Discipline's Genesis." College Composition and Communication 44 (1993): 443-65.

Postman, Neil, and Charles Weingartner. Teaching as a Subversive Activity. New York: Delacorte, 1967.

Powell, Rebecca. Literacy as a Moral Imperative: Facing the Challenges of a Pluralistic Society. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 1999.

Prendergast, Catherine. Literacy and Racial Justice: The Politics of Learning after Brown V. Board of Education. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2003.

Rosner, Mary, Beth Boehm, and Debra Journet, eds. History, Reflection, and Narrative: The Professionalization of Composition, 1963-1983. Stamford, CT: Ablex, 1999.

Shaughnessy, Mina. Errors and Expectations: A Guide for the Teacher of Basic Writing. New York: Oxford University Press, 1977.

Shor, Ira. Culture Wars: School and Society in the Conservative Restoration, 1969-1984. Boston: Routledge & K. Paul, 1986.

Smitherman, Geneva. "CCCC's Role in the Struggle for Language Rights." College Composition and Communication 50.3 (1999): 349-75.

Soliday, Mary. The Politics of Remediation: Institutional and Student Needs in Higher Education. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2002.

Sternglass, Marilyn. Time to Know Them: A Longitudinal Study of Writing and Learning at the College Level. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1997.

Thompson, E.P. Making of the English Working Class. New York: Random House, 1966.

Tobin, Lad, and Thomas Newkirk, eds. Taking Stock: The Writing Process Movement in the '90s. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1994.

Traub, James. City on a Hill: Testing the American Dream at City College. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1994.

Tuman, Myron. "From Astor Place to Kenyon Road: The NCTE and the Origins of English Studies." College English 48 (1986): 339-49.

Critical Pedagogy and Rethinking Education

Aronowitz, Stanley, and Henry Giroux. Education under Siege: The Conservative, Liberal and Radical Debate over Schooling. South Hadley, MA: Bergin & Garvey, 1985.

Berlin, James A. "Rhetoric and Ideology in the Writing Class." College English 50 (1988): 477-94.

Bizzell, Patricia. Academic Discourse and Critical Consciousness. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1992.

Bloom, Lynn Z., Donald A. Daiker, and Edward White, eds. Composition in the Twenty-First Century: Crisis and Change. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1996.

Brodkey, Linda. Academic Writing as a Social Practice. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1989.

---. Writing Permitted in Designated Areas Only. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1996.

Bruffee, Kenneth. "Collaborative Learning and the 'Conversation of Mankind'." College English 46 (1984): 640-55.

Chase, Geoffrey. "Accommodation, Resistance, and the Politics of Student Writing." College English 39 (1988): 13-22.

Clark, Gregory. "Rescuing the Discourse of Community."  College Composition and Communication 45 (1994): 61-74.

Dewey, John. Democracy and Education. New York: Macmillan, 1916.

Durst, Russel K. Collision Course: Conflict, Negotiation, and Learning in College Composition. Urbana, IL: NCTE, 1999.

Elbow, Peter. "Pedagogy of the Bamboozled." Embracing Contraries. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986. 85-98.

Ellsworth, Elizabeth. "Why Doesn't This Feel Empowering? Working through the Repressive Myths of Critical Pedagogy." Harvard Educational Review 59.3 (1989): 297-324.

Fiore, Kyle, and Nan Elsasser. "Strangers No More: A Liberatory Literacy Curriculum." College English 44 (1982): 115-28.

Fishman, Stephen M., and Lucille Parkinson McCarthy. "Teaching for Student Change: A Deweyan Alternative to Radical Pedagogy." College Composition and Communication 47.3 (1996): 342-66.

Fleming, David. "Rhetoric as a Course of Study." College English 61.2 (1998): 169-91.

France, Alan. "Assigning Places: The Function of Introductory Composition as a Cultural Discourse?" College English 55.6 (1993): 593-609.

Freire, Paulo. Education for Critical Consciousness. Trans. Myra Bergman Ramos. New York: Continuum, 1973.

---. Pedagogy of Freedom: Ethics, Democracy, and Civic Courage. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 1998.

---. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Trans. Myra Bergman Ramos. New York: Continuum, 1993.

Freire, Paulo, and Donaldo Macedo. Literacy: Reading the Word and the World. South Hadley, MA: Bergin & Garvey, 1987.

Giroux, Henry. Schooling and the Struggle for Public Life: Critical Pedagogy in the Modern Age. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1988.

---. "Textual Authority and the Role of Teachers as Public Intellectuals." Social Issues in the English Classroom. Eds. C. Mark Hulbert and Samuel Totten. Urbana, IL: NCTE, 1992. 304-21.

---. Theory and Resistance in Education: Towards a Pedagogy for the Opposition. Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey, 2001.

Giroux, Henry A. , and Peter McLaren, eds. Critical Pedagogy, the State, and Cultural Struggle. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1989.

Giroux, Henry, et al., eds. Counternarratives: Cultural Studies and Critical Pedagogies in Postmodern Spaces. New York: Routledge, 1996.

Giroux, Henry, and Kostas Mysiades, eds. Beyond the Corporate University: Culture and Pedagogy in the New Millennium. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2001.

Gless, Darryl J., and Barbara Herrnstein. The Politics of Liberal Education. Durham: Duke University Press, 1992.

Greenbaum, Andrea. Emancipatory Movements in Composition: The Rhetoric of Possibility. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2002.

---, ed. Insurrections: Approaches to Resistance in Composition Studies. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2001.

Hardin, Joe Marshall. Opening Spaces: Critical Pedagogy and Resistance Theory in Composition. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2001.

Harris, Joseph. "The Idea of Community in the Study of Writing." College Composition and Communication 40 (1989): 11-22.

---. "Meet the New Boss, Same as the Old Boss: Class Consciousness in Composition." College Composition and Communication 52.1 (2000): 43-68.

Herzberg, Bruce. "Community Service and Critical Teaching." College Composition and Communication 45.3 (1994): 307-19.

Hooks, Bell. Teaching to Transgress. New York: Routledge, 1994.

Horner, Bruce, and Min-Zhan Lu. Representing the 'Other': Basic Writers and the Teaching of Basic Writing. Urbana, IL: NCTE, 1999.

Hulbert, C. Mark, and Michael Blitz. Composition and Resistance. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1991.

Kumar, Amitava, ed. Class Issues: Pedagogy, Cultural Studies, and the Public Sphere. New York: New York University Press, 1997.

Lankshear, Colin, and Peter McLaren, eds. Critical Literacy: Politics, Praxis, and the Postmodern. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1993.

Lazere, Donald. "Back to Basics: A Force for Oppression or Liberation?" College English 54 (1992): 7-21.

---. "Teaching the Political Conflicts: A Rhetorical Schema." College Composition and Communication 43 (1992): 194-213.

Lewiecki-Wilson, Cynthia, and Jeff Sommers. "Professing at the Fault Lines: Composition at Open Admissions Institutions." College Composition and Communication 50.3 (1999): 438-62.

Lu, Min-Zhan, and Bruce Horner. "The Problematic of Experience: Redefining Critical Work in Ethnography and Pedagogy." College English 60.3 (1998): 257-77.

Lunsford, Andrea A. "Composing Ourselves: Politics, Commitment, and the Teaching of Writing." College Composition and Communication 41.1 (1990): 71-82.

Miller, Richard E. "The Arts of Complicity: Pragmatism and the Culture of Schooling." College English 61.1 (1998): 10-28.

---. As If Learning Mattered: Reforming Higher Education. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1998.

Miller, Susan. Assuming the Positions. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1998.

Mutnick, Deborah. Writing in an Alien World: Basic Writing and the Struggle for Equality in Higher Education. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook-Heinemann, 1996.

Nussbaum, Martha. Cultivating Humanity: A Classical Defense of Reform in Liberal Education. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997.

Ohmann, Richard. Politics of Knowledge: The Commercialization of the University, the Professions, and Print Culture. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2003.

Roemer, Marjorie, Lucille M. Schultz, and Russel K. Durst. "Reframing the Great Debate on First-Year Writing." College Composition and Communication 50.3 (1999): 377-91.

Ronald, Kate, and Hephzibah Roskelly. "Untested Feasibility: Imagining the Pragmatic Possibility of Paulo Freire." College English 63.1 (2001): 612-31.

Schutz, Aaron, and Anne Ruggles Gere. "Service Learning and English Studies: Rethinking 'Public' Service." College English 60.2 (1998): 129-49.

Sehr, David T. Education for Public Democracy. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1997.

Shor, Ira. Critical Teaching and Everyday Life. Boston: South End Press, 1980.

---. Empowering Education: Critical Teaching for Social Change. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.

Shor, Ira, and Caroline Pari, eds. Critical Literacy in Action: Writing Words, Changing Worlds. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook-Heinemann, 1999.

Smith, Jeff. "Against 'Illegeracy': Toward a New Pedagogy of Civic Understanding." College Composition and Communication 45.2 (1994): 200-19.

Soliday, Mary. "Class Dismissed." College English 61.6 (1999): 731-41.

Spellmeyer, Kurt. Common Ground: Dialogue, Understanding, and the Teaching of Composition. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1993.

Stotsky, Sandra. "Participatory Writing: Literacy for Civic Purposes." Nonacademic Writing: Social Theory and Technology. Eds. Ann Hill Duin and Craig J. Hansen. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1996. 227-56.

---. "Reconceptualizing Writing as Moral and Civic Thinking." College English 54.7 (1992): 794-808.

Stuckey, J. Elspeth. The Violence of Literacy. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1991.

Stull, Bradford T. Amid the Fall, Dreaming of Eden: Dubois, Malcolm X, and Emancipatory Composition. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1999.

Sullivan, Patricia A., and Donna J. Qualley, eds. Pedagogy in the Age of Politics: Writing and Reading (in) the Academy. Urbana, IL: NCTE, 1994.

Tompkins, Jane. "Pedagogy of the Distressed." College English 52.6 (1990): 653-60.

Trimbur, John. "Composition and the Circulation of Writing." College Composition and Communication 52.2 (2000): 188-219.

---. "Consensus and Difference in Collaborative Learning." College English 51.6 (1989): 602-16.

Wright, Handel Kashope. "(Re)Conceptualizing Pedagogy as Cultural Praxis." Education and Society 13.1 (1995): 67-81.

Public Discourse and Citizenship

Arendt, Hannah. The Human Condition. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1959.

Bellah, Robert Neeley, et al. The Good Society. New York: Knopf, 1991.

---. Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitment in American Life. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985.

Berube, Michael. Public Access: Literary Theory and American Cultural Politics. London: Verso, 1994.

Bleich, David. "Literacy and Citizenship: Resisting Social Issues." The Right to Literacy. Eds. Andrea A. Lunsford, Helen Moglen and James Slevin. New York: Modern Language Association, 1990.

Branwyn, Gareth. Jamming the Media. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1997.

Calhoun, Craig, ed. Habermas and the Public Sphere. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1992.

Chaput, Catherine. "Identity, Postmodernity, and an Ethics of Activism." JAC 20.1 (2000): 43-72.

Cooper, Marilyn M., and Michael Holzman. Writing as Social Action. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1989.

Cushman, Ellen. "Opinion: The Public Intellectual, Service Learning, and Activist Research." College English 61.3 (1999): 328-36.

---. "The Rhetorician as an Agent of Social Change." College Composition and Communication 47.1 (1996): 7-28.

---. The Struggle and the Tools: Oral and Literate Strategies in an Inner City Community. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1998.

Eberly, Rosa A. Citizen Critics: Literary Public Spheres. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2000.

Ervin, Elizabeth. "Encouraging Civic Participation among First-Year Writing Students; or, Why Composition Class Should Be More Like a Bowling Team." Rhetoric Review 15.2 (1997): 382-99.

Fishkin, James S. The Voice of the People: Public Opinion and Democracy. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995.

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. Loose Canons: Notes on the Culture Wars. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Gee, James, Glynda Hull, and Colin Lankshear. The New Work Order: Behind the Language of New Capitalism. Boulder: Westview Press, 1996.

Giroux, Henry. "Beyond the Ivory Tower: Public Intellectuals and the Crisis of Higher Education." Higher Education under Fire: Politics, Economics and the Crisis of the Humanities. Eds. Michael Berube and Cary Nelson. New York: Routledge, 1995. 238-58.

Glendon, Mary Ann. Rights Talk: The Impoverishment of Political Discourse. New Haven: Macmillan Free Press, 1991.

Graff, Gerald. Clueless in Academe: How Schooling Obscures the Life of the Mind. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003.

Gramsci, Antonio. Prison Notebooks. New York: Columbia University Press, 1991.

Greene, Maxine. "Public Education and the Public Space." Educational Researcher (1982): 4-9.

Habermas, Jurgen. Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1990.

---. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1991.

Halloran, S. Michael. "Afterthoughts on Rhetoric and Public Discourse." Pre/Text: The First Decade. Ed. Victor Vitanza. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1993. 113-5.

---. "Rhetoric in the American College Curriculum: The Decline of Public Discourse." Pre/Text 3 (1982): 245-69.

Hauser, Gerald A. Vernacular Voices: The Rhetoric of Publics and Public Spheres. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1999.

Hauser, Gerald A., and Carole Blair. "Rhetorical Antecedents to the Public." Pre/Text 3 (1982): 139-67.

Hernandez, Adriana. Pedagogy, Democracy, and Feminism: Rethinking the Public Sphere. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1997.

Hohndahl, Peter U. "Critical Theory, Public Sphere, and Culture: Jurgen Habermas and His Critics." New German Critique 16 (1979): 89-118.

Hull, Glynda, ed. Changing Work, Changing Workers: Critical Perspectives on Language, Literacy, and Skills. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1997.

Knoblauch, C.H. "Rhetorical Constructions: Dialogue and Commitment." College English 50 (1988): 125-40.

Lauer, Janice. "Persuasive Writing on Public Issues." Composition in Context. Eds. W. Ross Winterowd and Vincent Gillespie. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1994. 62-72.

Lentricchia, Frank. Criticism and Social Change. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983.

Levine, Lawrence. Opening of the American Mind. Boston: Beacon Press, 1996.

Lindquist, Julia. A Place to Stand: Politics and Persuasion in a Working-Class Bar. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Lyotard, Jean Francois. The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge. Trans. Geoffrey Bennington and Rachel Bowlby. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1985.

Macedo, Donaldo. Literacies of Power: What Americans Are Not Allowed to Know. Boulder: Westview Press, 1994.

McChesney, Robert W. Corporate Media and the Threat to Democracy. Open Media Pamphlet Series. New York: Seven Stories Press, 1997.

---. Rich Media, Poor Democracy: Communication Politics in Dubious Times. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1999.

McChesney, Robert W., and John Nichols. Our Media, Not Theirs: The Democratic Struggle against Corporate Media. New York: Seven Stories Press, 2002.

Mortensen, Peter. "Going Public." College Composition and Communication 50.2 (1998): 182-205.

Nystrand, Martin, and John Duffy, eds. Towards a Rhetoric of Everyday Life. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2003.

Postman, Neil. Amusing Ourselves to Death: Public Discourse in the Age of Show Business. New York: Penguin Books, 1985.

Poulakos, Takis. Speaking for the Polis: Isocrates' Rhetorical Education. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1997.

Putnam, Robert. Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2000.

Rice, William Craig. Public Discourse and Academic Inquiry. New York: Garland, 1996.

Rosen, Jay. "Making Journalism More Public." Communication 12 (1991): 267-84.

Schiappa, Edward. "Intellectuals and the Place of Cultural Critique." Rhetoric, Cultural Studies, and Literacy. Ed. Frederick Reynolds. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1995. 26-32.

Schudson, Michael. The Good Citizen: A History of American Civic Life. New York: Free Press, 1998.

Wark, McKenzie. "From Fordism to Sonyism: Perverse Readings of the New World Order." New Formations 15 (1991): 43-54.

Warner, Michael. Publics and Counterpublics . New York: Zone Books, 2002.

Watkins, Evan. Everyday Exchanges: Marketwork and Capitalist Common Sense. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1998.

---. Throwaways: Work Culture and Consumer Education. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1993.

Weisser, Christian R. Moving Beyond Academic Discourse: Composition Studies and the Public Sphere. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2002.

Wells, Susan. "Rogue Cops and Health Care: What Do Want from Public Writing?" College Composition and Communication 47 (1996): 325-41.